Formula: C3H8 or R290
Propane’s main uses include home and water heating, cooking and refrigerating food, clothes drying, and powering farm and industrial equipment. The chemical industry also uses propane as a raw material for making plastics and other compounds. Discovered in 1857 by the French chemist Marcellin Berthelot, it became commercially available in the US by 1911.
Propane is one of a group of liquefied petroleum gases (LP gases). Propane has a lower energy density but burns more cleanly than gasoline and coal. It is also used as fuel for small engines, especially those used indoors or in areas with insufficient fresh air and ventilation to carry away the more toxic exhaust of an engine running on gasoline or diesel fuel.
Compared to fluorocarbons, propane has a negligible ozone depletion potential and very low global warming potential (having a value of only 3.3 times the GWP of carbon dioxide) and can serve as a functional replacement for R-12, R-22, R-134a, and other chlorofluorocarbon or hydrofluorocarbon refrigerants in conventional stationary refrigeration and air conditioning systems. Because its global warming effect is far less than current refrigerants, propane was chosen as one of five replacement refrigerants approved by the EPA in 2015, for use in systems specially designed to handle its flammability.
- Widely used as a fuel for suburban home heating systems and gas appliances
- Used a fuel for intraplant trucking
- Used as a refrigerant gas and as a thermobulb fill for temperature and pressure control instruments
- As a low temperature extraction solvent
- Used as a refrigerant in chemical, petroleum refining, and gas processing operation
- As a selective solvent for removing asphaltic components from the higher-boiling fractions of crude oils
|Grade 2||Grade 3||Grade 3.5||Grade 4||Grade 4.5||Grade 5|
|Nitrogen||< 800 ppmv||< 100 ppmv||< 30 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Oxygen||< 200 ppmv||< 25 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 2 ppmv||< 1 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Carbon Dioxide||< 200 ppmv||< 20 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 2 ppmv||< 2 ppmv||< 1 ppmv|
|Propylene||< 800 ppmv||< 200 ppmv||< 50 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Other Hydrocarbons||< 9,000 ppmv||< 900 ppmv||< 400 ppmv||< 80 ppmv||< 40 ppmv||< 8 ppmv|
|Moisture||< 10 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 3 ppmv||< 3 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Total Impurities||< 1%||< 1,000 ppmv||< 500 ppmv||< 100 pmv||< 50 ppmv||< 10 ppmv|
|Chemical & Physical Properties|
|Specific Volume||8.5 cf/lb|
|Pressure @ 70° F||109 psig|
|Flammability Limits||2.1 - 9.5% in Air|
|Valve Outlet||CGA 510 LB CGA 170|
|DOT No.||UN 1978|
|DOT Label||Flammable Gas|
|Cylinder Size||Fill Weight (lbs)|
**Moisture level guaranteed only when Electronic Fluorocarbons prepares the cylinders.
All concentrations are on a mol/mol basis unless otherwise stated.
This product is analyzed liquid phase.
*This gas not available for purchase online.