Carbon monoxide is a compound of carbon and oxygen with the chemical formula CO. It is a colorless, odorless, tasteless, toxic gas. Carbon monoxide is the twelfth most abundant gas in the atmosphere. The major natural source of carbon monoxide is the combustion of wood, coal, and other naturally occurring substances on the Earth’s surface.
Huge quantities of carbon monoxide are produced, for example, during a forest fire or a volcanic eruption. Commercial methods for producing carbon monoxide often depend on the direct oxidation of carbon under controlled conditions. In the form of producer gas or water gas, it is widely used as a fuel in industrial operations. The gas is also an effective reducing agent. For example, when carbon monoxide is passed over hot iron oxides, the oxides are reduced to metallic iron, while the carbon monoxide is oxidized to carbon dioxide. Carbon monoxide has been proposed for use as a fuel on Mars.
Carbon monoxide/oxygen engines have been suggested for early surface transportation use as both carbon monoxide and oxygen can be straightforwardly produced from the carbon dioxide atmosphere of Mars by zirconia electrolysis, without using any Martian water resources to obtain hydrogen, which would be needed to make methane or any hydrogen-based fuel.
- Used for the manufacture of hydrocarbons and their oxygen derivatives
- Used to improve plasma etches in advanced processes
|Grade 2.5||Grade 3.0||Grade 4.0||Grade 4.7||Grade 5.0|
|Nitrogen||< 4500 ppmv||< 900 ppmv||< 80 ppmv||< 20 ppmv||< 5 ppmv|
|Oxygen||< 10 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 3 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Carbon Dioxide||<100 ppmv||< 50 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Methane||<100 ppmv||< 50 ppmv||< 10 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Moisture||< 5 ppmv||< 5 ppmv||< 4 ppmv||< 3 ppmv||< 2 ppmv|
|Total Impurities||< 5000 ppmv||< 1000 ppmv||< 100 ppmv||< 30 ppmv||< 10 ppmv|
|Chemical & Physical Properties|
|Specific Volume||13.8 cf/lb|
|Flammability Limits||12.5 - 74.0 % in Air|
|Valve Outlets||CGA 350 LB CGA 170|
|DOT Name||Carbon Monoxide, Compressed|
|DOT No.||UN 1016|
|DOT Label||Inhalation Hazard and Flammable Gas|
|Cylinder Sizes||Fill Volume|
**Moisture level guaranteed only when Electronic Fluorocarbons prepares the cylinders.
All concentrations are on a mol/mol basis unless otherwise stated.
This product is analyzed gas phase.
*This gas not available for purchase online.