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Formula: C3H8 or R290

Propane is a colorless, flammable, liquefied gas with a faint odor.

Applications

Applications of propane include the following:

  • Widely used as a fuel for suburban home heating systems and gas appliances
  • Used a fuel for intraplant trucking
  • Used as a refrigerant gas and as a thermobulb fill for temperature and pressure control instruments
  • As a low temperature extraction solvent
  • Used as a refrigerant in chemical, petroleum refining, and gas processing operations
  • As a selective solvent for removing asphaltic components from the higher-boiling fractions of crude oils

 

 

Grade 2 Grade 3 Grade 3.5 Grade 4 Grade 4.5 Grade 5
Purity 99.0% 99.9% 99.95% 99.9% 99.995% 99.999%
Nitrogen < 800 ppmv < 100 ppmv < 30 ppmv < 10 ppmv < 5 ppmv < 2 ppmv
Oxygen < 200 ppmv < 25 ppmv < 10 ppmv < 2 ppmv < 1 ppmv < 1 ppmv
Carbon Dioxide < 200 ppmv < 20 ppmv < 10 ppmv < 2 ppmv < 2 ppmv < 1 ppmv
Propylene < 800 ppmv < 200 ppmv < 50 ppmv < 10 ppmv < 10 ppmv < 2 ppmv
Other Hydrocarbons < 9000 ppmv < 900 ppmv < 400 ppmv < 80 ppmv < 40 ppmv < 8 ppmv
Moisture < 10  ppmv < 5 ppmv < 5 ppmv < 3 ppmv < 3 ppmv < 2 ppmv
Total Impurities < 1% < 1000 ppmv < 500 ppmv < 100 ppmv < 50 ppmv < 10 ppmv

 

**Moisture level guaranteed only when Electronic Fluorocarbons prepares the cylinders.
All concentrations are on a mol/mol basis unless otherwise stated.
This product is analyzed liquid phase.

Chemical & Physical Properties
Molecular Weight 44.1
Specific Volume 8.5 cf/lb
Pressure @ 70° F 109 psig
Flammability Limits 2.1 – 9.5% in Air
Valve Outlet CGA 510
LB CGA 170

 

Shipping Information
DOT Name Propane
Hazard Class 2.1
DOT No. UN 1978
DOT Label Flammable Gas
CAS No. 74-98-6

 

 

Cylinder Size Fill Weight (lbs)
1/2 ton 420
LP30 100
LP15 50
LP05 20
LP01 5
49L/Size 300 45
44L/Size 200 40
16L/Size 80 14
7L/Size 35 6